If you are attending the Advanced Placement National Conf. in D.C., my AP European History presentation is, Marxism and the Transformation of European Urban Centers, which takes participants on a narrative exploration into the contextual realities faced by the urban working class of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Participants will read short primary and secondary passages, reflecting the point of view of the bourgeoisie and how their relationship to the state set a class-conscious response via the rise of Marxist doctrines. What did it mean to be urban and poor without political or economic power? What did it mean to be working class and yet fail to make a working wage? The premise of gentrification before it was termed will showcase the challenges faced by urbanites, while their cities were transformed to reflect the desires of the state. We will examine the significance and impact of housing, education, public transportation, income distribution, leisure, and urban planning through the use of historical thinking skills.